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Belarusian science: transit to innovative economy

Organization of plants based on intellectual labor is a new and certainly the most promising turn in the economic development of Belarus.

The supreme scientific organization in the country is the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Recently its structure has been significantly reorganized: new types of organizations (research and practical centers and associations) have been created, approaches and methods of innovational management have been improved. Today the subject of fundamental and applied researches of the academy is formed only within the priorities of the economy. Moreover, scientists provide their customers with a full range of services: from scientific ideas to specific research and development works and organization of the production.

Scientific and technical centers are also in the lead in innovational infrastructure. They increase the efficiency of interaction between science and industry in agriculture, metallurgy, machinery and other spheres.

The National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, BelTA

The State Committee for Science and Technology of the Republic of Belarus is an agency of state administration which implements the function of regulation and control in the spheres of scientific, scientific and technological and innovational activity. In addition, the Committee is the guarantee of the protection of rights to intellectual property objects. But the main goal of the Committee is the creation of innovative enterprises which will produce export-oriented innovative products with high added value.

Achievements of Belarusian scientists

In June 2012 Belarus became a space power. The Belarusian land remote sensing satellite was launched from the spaceport “Baikonur” in Kazakhstan. The space vehicle was launched into space in a cluster from five vehicles along with the Russian “Canopus-B” and SSV-FCE (“Zond-PP”) and the German TET-1 and Canadian ADS-1B.

The Belarusian spacecraft vehicle provides complete coverage of the territory of Belarus by space survey. Its weight is about 400 kg, the resolution in the panchromatic range is about 2 m. The space vehicle has high dynamic performance which means that it is maneuvering and can quickly rearrange itself on the orbit to carry out the survey at a required angle.

In consequence of launching the satellite, Belarus may create an independent land remote sensing system which will allow abandoning the services of other states on the receipt and processing of space information.

Supercomputer “SKIF-GRID”

The scientists of the Associated Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus developed the supercomputer “SKIF-GRID” on the base of 12-nuclear processors AMD Opteron and graphic processors-accelerators. This is the most productive configuration in the family of Belarusian “SKIF” supercomputer models. The peak output without taking into account the acceleration using graphic processors is 8 teraflops.

New generation lasers

The employees of the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus have developed new generation lasers. The scope of their use is wide: from medicine to industry. Unlike traditional lasers, these lasers are much safer for the eyes. Moreover, they are much smaller and more functional. It is expected that in the future, devices and technologies with their use will facilitate the work of specialists in various branches of national economy. New developments of Belarusian physicists are also in demand abroad.

Medical achievements

The employees of the Institute of Physical and Organic Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus developed a series of original preparations based on amino acids and their modified derivatives. These are drugs of various therapeutic effects, including drugs for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases “Asparkam”, the radioprotective drug “Taurine”, the immunocorrector “Leucine” anti-alcohol drugs “Teturam” and “Glian”. Anticancer, antianemic, counter-drugs and other drugs are still being developed. By 2015 the share of domestic drugs on the domestic market of Belarus in value terms will reach 50%.

A unique DNA Biotechnology Center opened in the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. The new structure will allow introducing achievements of genetics and genomics into health protection, agriculture, sports and environmental protection of Belarus more efficiently. The specialists of the institute started creating a modern site for testing transgenic plants. Transgenic varieties of agricultural plants will be grown here and their first examinations will be carried out.

Belarusian and Russian scientists received human lactoferrin from milk-transgenic goats. It has unique anticancer, antibacterial and antiallergenic properties. Many countries of the world have already mastered the technology of receiving lactoferrin from cow milk. But the technique, created by the scientists of Belarus and Russia has significant advantages over foreign techniques. There is about six grams of lactoferrin in one liter of milk from transgenic goats, and this is one of the highest indexes in the world. By 2015 Belarusian scientists expect to implement two important projects: build a special farm and an experimental processing module, where protein can be evolved and products with lactoferrin can be obtained.

Belarusian scientists have artificially nurtured a red emerald for the first time. Photo: Gennady Zhinkov (BelTA)

Know-how of Belarusian scientists

Scientists from Belarus grew a red emerald – no one managed to do this before. The unusual precious stone was first grown in the Scientific and Practical Center of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus for Material Science. In nature the red emerald is very rare, and it is extracted only in one place in the world — in the Wah Wah Mountains located in Utah, USA. The artificial analogue is not inferior in beauty, composition and quality in comparison to the prills, but is almost 100 times cheaper. 

 

For several years the SPC for Material Science has been engaged in the production of synthetic emeralds and rubies, and according to specialists, it occupied a decent niche in the global jewelry market. Around 6 million carats of precious stones are “mined” there each year.