The Republic of Belarus is a sovereign unitary democratic social constitutional state
Governmental power in the Republic of Belarus is implemented by the President of the Republic of Belarus, the Parliament and the Government of the Republic of Belarus, the courts of the Republic of Belarus.
The local administration and self-government by citizens is effected through:
- local councils of deputies;
- executive and administrative bodies;
- bodies of territorial self-government;
- local referendums;
- other forms of direct participation in government and public affairs.
The President of the Republic of Belarus is the Head of the State. His powers, procedure and guarantees of their implementation are defined by the Constitution and the Law as of February 21, 1995 “On the President of the Republic of Belarus”.
The President – is the guarantor of the Constitution and the human rights and freedoms and rights and freedoms of citizens. As the highest official of the Republic of Belarus, the President represents the unity of the nation, the implementation of the main aspects of domestic and foreign policy and represents the State in its relations with other states and international organizations.
Parliament- the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus is the representative and legislative body of the Republic of Belarus, is composed of two houses — the House of Representatives and the Council of the Republic (the house of territorial representation.) The main function of the Parliament is the law-making process.
Executive power in the Republic of Belarus is implemented by the Government. The Council of Ministers is a central collegial body of the government, governing the system of subordinate national government bodies and other public organizations, as well as the local executive and administrative bodies. The activity of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus is controlled by the President of the Republic of Belarus and is responsible to the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus.
Judicial power in the Republic of Belarus belongs to courts established by territorial principle and by principle of specialization, and is independent from bodies of legislative and executive power. Judges in the Republic of Belarus are independent and shall only obey the law. Any interference in the work of judges in the administration of justice is prohibited and punishable by law.