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The building materials industry in Belarus is represented by about 1,500 enterprises of different form of ownership, that specialize in the production of cement, wall, coating and finish materials, precast concrete and concrete structures, roofing materials, etc. In total, the country produces over 130 kinds of building materials and products.
The enterprises of Belarus export about 50 types of building materials, products and constructions. Moreover, 80% of export volume accounts for ceramic tiles, polished glass, roll roofing materials, building constructions, ceramic and silicate bricks, cement, break stone. According to the Ministry of Architecture and Construction, in 2012 the construction industry of the republic increased the export by 1.4 times compared to 2011 up to 520 million US dollars.
In the past few years, the construction complex of Belarus has been going through a period of modernization of the production of building materials, on which it is planned to spend BYR 12.5 trillion by 2015. Build-up of the capacity of domestic enterprises, as well as harmonization of building regulations with European regulations is taking place.
Major segments of the industry and the largest enterprises
Production of cement
Future demand of the republic in cement taking into account the production export in 2015 is projected to amount to 4 million tons per year. Cement export from Belarus is carried out mainly to Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. It is planned to increase the volume of export to 25% of total production.
The Belarusian flagships in cement production are RUE “Belarusian Cement Plant” located in the city of Kasciukovičy with a capacity of 1.2 million tons per year, as well as “Krichevcementnoshifer” (Kryčaū) and OJSC “Krasnoselskstroymaterialy” which has the largest and most modernized production of cement in Belarus.
In 2012, due to the high demand for cement, the capacity of the two following cement plants was increased by 3.6 million tons of cement per year – “Krasnoselskstroymaterialy” and “Belarusian Cement Plant”.
Among Belarusian finish materials, ceramic tile occupies perhaps the leading role in terms of export volume. The flagship in the production of this material is OJSC “Keramin” (Minsk), where, in particular, the production of ceramic granite is also developing. The enterprise works in collaboration with Italian companies. Moreover, tile is produced by enterprises “Brest KSM” (Brest) and “Berezastroymaterialy” (Biaroza).
One of the main wall materials — construction brick – is produced at a whole range of Belarusian enterprises. These are the Minsk plant of building materials and the Minsk plant of silicate products, OJSC “Keramika” in Viciebsk, the Radaškovičy ceramic plant which also mastered the production of porous ceramic blocks, and many others.
Over the last few years, Belarus has created working capacity for the production of cellular lime concrete which became one of the most used building materials in the country. OJSC “Smorgonsilikatobeton” in Smarhon’ and OJSC “Zabudova” in the village of Čysc’ of the Minsk region are engaged in the production of cellular building blocks.
There are about 100 manufacturers of paint products in Belarus, but the basis of this segment are 7-8 companies. The leaders of the sphere are OJSC “Lakokraska” (Lida), OJSC “Minsk Paint Plant”, LLC “Esgit”, PUE “MAV”. Belarusian paint materials are exported to Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, India.
In 2013, the project on the production of anti-corrosion coatings will be further developed at the Lida OJSC “Lakokraska” together with the Norwegian company Jotun Paints. The plant installed units which will allow producing enamel for painting pre-primed metal surfaces. The capacity of the line will amount to 250- 300 liters of enamel per hour.
Dry building mixes
In the last 3 years, the market of dry building mixes of Belarus has been growing by 17% on average per year in real terms. About 35 companies work in the segment of dry building mixes in the country, but 2/3 of the market account for five leaders: Taifun, Henkel Bautechnic, ILmax, Krasnoselskstroymaterialy and Sarmat. The main production trends of Belarusian DBM: cement (55%), polymer (30%) and gypsum (15%).
Today the DBM segment is working on increasing the competitiveness of local brands, introducing energy-efficient building technologies for the rational use of fuel and energy resources.
Production of roofing materials
Over the past few years, Belarus has considerably increased the number of enterprises which offer various roofing materials. There is active interest in the production and sale of these goods both on behalf of Belarusian companies, as well as foreign investors. Among the largest joint ventures in the roofing segment is OJSC “Krovlya”. This is a Belarusian-British project, producing rolled roofing and waterproof materials. The company is part of the corporation TekhnoNIKOL — European manufacturer of building materials.
Another major enterprise in the segment of roofing is OJSC “Gidrostekloizol” in the Brest region. The company produces synthetic materials and glass basics with bitumen-polymer coating, as well as bitumen-polymer roofing materials on the basis of fiberglass.
In 2005-2010, the volume of investments in the construction industry of the republic amounted to 1 billion US dollars. The bulk of the funds has been used on the expansion projects of the production of ceramic tiles, cement, granite macadam. Taking into account the construction of housing, the Belarusian market of building materials remains one of the most active. The Decree of the President “On stimulating the creation and development in the Republic of Belarus of enterprises based on new and high technologies” supports the investment climate in the construction sphere. It provides an exemption for five years from taxes and customs duties on goods and services produced with the use of new high technologies. In the future, income tax rates and value added tax on these products will be reduced. These products are exempt from export or customs duties during the payback period.
Examples of investment projects in the Belarusian construction sphere
At the moment negotiations for the participation of the company CRH (Ireland) in the project of production in Belarus of lime using the dry method, as well as the organization of the enterprise for the manufacture of products made of cement and lime with the use of various additives on the basis of “Krasnoselskstroymaterialy” are underway.